中国检察官协会
时间:2012-08-16  作者:  来源:最高人民检察院
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  中国检察官协会是由中华人民共和国最高人民检察院、地方各级人民检察院和军事检察院等专门人民检察院的检察官自愿组成的行业性组织,为全国性的社团法人。法人代表为协会秘书长。中国检察官协会的前身是中国检察学会,批准成立于1988年10月3日。1996年6月27日经民政部批准,更名为中国检察官协会。中国检察官协会的业务主管单位是中华人民共和国最高人民检察院。会址设在北京。 

  中国检察官协会的组织机构有会员代表大会、理事会、常务理事会、会长办公会。会员代表大会由单位会员和个人会员代表组成,是中国检察官协会的最高权力机构。其主要职责是制定和修改本会章程,选举理事会,推举名誉会长,讨论和决定本会的重大事项。理事会由会员代表大会产生,是会员代表大会的执行机构。

  中国检察官协会名誉会长由最高人民检察院前任检察长刘复之、张思卿、韩杼滨、贾春旺担任。会长由最高人民检察院检察长曹建明担任。常务副会长由张耕、胡泽君担任。副会长由邱学强、胡克惠、王振川、朱孝清、孙谦、姜建初、张常韧、柯汉民、李如林、莫文秀、王建明、童建明、杨振江、赵登举、赵虹、陈大豪担任。秘书长由张智辉担任。协会常务理事由会长、副会长、秘书长,各省级人民检察院检察长,军事检察院检察长,新疆生产建设兵团人民检察院检察长,最高人民检察院机关各内设机构和直属事业单位主要负责人等担任。  

  中国检察官协会的常设办事机构是秘书处。秘书处在秘书长的领导下工作。秘书处设在最高人民检察院检察理论研究所。

  中国检察官协会的会员有单位会员和个人会员。凡赞成本会章程,自愿缴纳会费的各省、自治区、直辖市检察官协会(学会),新疆生产建设兵团检察官协会,省会市和自治区首府市检察官协会,直辖市检察院分院检察官协会,经济特区市检察官协会是中国检察官协会的理事单位会员;各地(市)级检察官协会,基层检察官协会,可以申请成为中国检察官协会的单位会员。凡赞成本会章程,自愿缴纳会费的各级人民检察院的检察官和曾经担任各级人民检察院助理检察员以上职务的离、退休人员,可以申请成为中国检察官协会的个人会员。截止2010年7月,中国检察官协会在全系统共有单位会员204个,个人会员23887人。

  中国检察官协会的宗旨是:团结全国的检察官,推动检察信息和学术交流,研究检察理论,提高检察官的业务水平;弘扬检察官清正廉洁、严格执法的敬业精神,提高检察官的职业道德素养;宣传人民检察院和检察官在我国民主与法制建设中的性质和任务,提高检察官的社会地位;关心检察官的生活,维护检察官的合法权益;扩大我国检察官对外交往的渠道,增进我国同世界各国、各地区检察官的了解与友谊,为完善具有中国特色的社会主义检察制度和实现依法治国、建设社会主义法制国家的目标而奋斗。

  中国检察官协会作为国际检察官联合会的发起会员单位,组团参加了国际检察官联合会每年召开的年会及各项活动,并于1998年5月承办了国际检察官联合会执行委员会1998年春季会议,于1999年9月在北京成功地承办了国际检察官联合会第四届年会。

  中国检察官协会的学术活动有:制定检察理论研究规划,组织协调检察理论研究活动,协助召开全国性的检察理论研究年会或地区性的检察理论及检察业务研讨会或培训班,交流检察理论研究成果和业务工作经验,组织社会调查,为检察工作提供建议和咨询意见,为提高检察官的执法能力和执法水平服务;编辑《中国刑事法杂志》(月刊,国内外公开发行);组织、推动检察官协会与其他学术团体、学术部门之间的合作和交流,开展国际间的学术交流和友好往来。

  中国检察官协会自成立以来,先后协助举办了十一届全国检察理论研究年会及“认罪案件程序改革国际研讨会”、“强化检察机关法律监督职能”、“检察工作与人权保护”、“反贪污与社会稳定和发展”、“检察理论研究骨干培训班”、“刑事证据研讨班”、“检察机关宪法地位研讨会”、“预防超期羁押与保障人权研讨会”、“检察机关为优化经济环境服务理论研讨会”、“刑事起诉标准研讨会 ”、“‘两院’在构建和谐社会中的作用研讨会”等专题研讨会;编辑出版了《公诉问题研究》、《海外司法改革及其走向》、《司法改革热点问题研究》、《检察官作用与准则比较研究》、《中国检察》(1-17卷)、《超期羁押与人权保障》、《“严打”中的法律与政策实用》等研究成果。与中国法学会、中国警察协会、中国法官协会、中国律师协会、中国监狱学会等全国性非政府学术团体建立了合作关系,同时,还广泛地与国外司法机关、学术机构建立了密切的联系。接待了来自英国、法国、德国、美国、加拿大、丹麦、俄罗斯、越南等国家的有关代表团和专家、学者,派员或组团访问了美国、加拿大、法国、德国、澳大利亚等十多个国家。

  中国检察官协会的经费来源主要有国内外各界资助或者捐赠、开展各项活动的合法收入和会员会费。

  中国检察官协会的通讯地址是:北京市东城区北河沿大街147号,邮政编码:100726。

  联系电话:010—68630204;电传:010—68630141。

  Brief Introduction to the Soceity of Public Prosecutors of China

  The Soceity of Public Prosecutors of China (SPPC) is a professional organization that the prosecutors participate voluntarily who are from the Supreme People’s Procuratorate of the People’s Republic of China, local people’s procuratorates at all levels, the Military Procuratorates and other special people’s procuratorates, which is a nationwide legal person. The legal representative is the Secretary-General of SPPC. The predecessor of SPPC is China Procuratorate Society which was approved and founded on Oct.3, 1988, and the name was changed into SPPC with the approval of the Ministry of Civil Affairs on June 27,1996. SPPC’s headquarters is located in Beijing and in the charge of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate of P. R. China.

  The organizational structure of SPPC includes the general assembly, the council, the standing council and the president’s work meeting. The general assembly consists of group members and individual members, which is the highest authority of SPPC and whose main function is to make and modify SPPC’s regulations, elect the council, recommend the Honorary President, discuss and decide those important issues of SPPC. The council is elected by the general assembly and which is the executive organization of the general assembly.

  The honorary presidents of SPPC are Mr. Liu Fuzhi, Mr. Zhang Siqing, Mr. Han Zhubin and Mr. Jia Chunwang, who are former Prosecutors-General of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate. Mr. Cao Jianming who is the Prosecutor-General of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate at present serves as the president of SPPC. The senior vice presidents are Mr. Zhang Geng and Mr. Hu Zejun. The vice presidents of SPPC includes Mr. Qiu Xueqiang, Ms. Hu Kehui, Mr. Wang Zhenchuan, Mr. Zhu Xiaoqing, Mr. Sunqian, Mr. Jiang Jianchu, Mr. Zhang Changren, Mr. Ke Hanmin, Mr. Li Rulin, Ms. Mo Wenxiu, Mr. Wang Jianming, Mr. Tong Jianming, Mr. Yang Zhenjiang, Mr. Zhao Dengju, Mr. Zhao Hong, Mr. Chen Dahao. Mr. Zhang Zhihui serves as the Secretary- General. The standing members of the council consist of the president, the vice presidents, the Secretary-General, the chief prosecutor of the People’s Procuratorates in different provinces, the director of the Military Procuratorate, the director of the People’s Procuratorate of Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, the main leaders of the inner structures of the departments of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate and the institutions directly under SPP.

  The standing organ dealing with routine work of SPPC is Secretariat which is headed by the Secretary-General. The Secretariat shares the same office and basic office facilities with the Institute of Procuratorial Theory of SPP.

  The members of SPPC are divided into two types: group members and individual members. Those who would like to abide by SPPC’s regulations and pay membership fees voluntarily can lodge applications to SPPC and become group members or individual members. Those who are SPPCs (the societies) of prosecutors in different provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, SPPC of prosecutors of Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, SPPC of prosecutors of capital cities of provinces and capital cities of autonomous regions, SPPC of prosecutors of the branch procuratorates of municiparities’ procuratorates, SPPC of prosecutors of special economic zones, are group members of the council. Those who are SPPC of prosecutors of prefecture and city levels,SPPC of local procuratorates may apply for group members of SPPC. The individual members can be applied by the prosecutors of people’s procuratorates at various levels and retired and decreased persons who ever held the title of assistant prosecutors and above in various people’s procuratorates. By July 2010, SPPC has 204 group members and 23887 individual members from the procuratorates all over the country.

  The objectives of SPPC are as follows: Uniting all prosecutors throughout the country, promoting the communication of procuratorial information and academic exchanges, undertaking research of procuratorial theory and improving the professional level of prosecutors; Promoting the spirit of devotion with honest and clean behaviours and strict enforcement of law, improving the professional ethics of prosecutors; Propagating the nature and mission of the people’s procuratorates and prosecutors in democratic and legal construction; Raising the social status of prosecutors; Caring for the life of prosecutors and safeguarding the legal rights and benefits of prosecutors; Exploring the channels for Chinese prosecutors to communicate with foreign counterparts and promoting the friendship and mutual understanding among prosecutors in different regions and countries all over the world, striving to achieve the goal of perfecting the socialist procuratorial system with Chinese characteristics and realizing to run the country with the rule of law and building our country with socialist legal system.

  SPPC has participated all annual conferences and activities held by International Association of Prosecutors (IAP) as an original member. It also held the Executive Meeting of IAP in spring in 1998 and the 4th Annual Conference and General Meeting of the IAP in Beijing in 1999 successfully.

  The academic activities of SPPC are as follows: Making the research plan of procuratorial theory, organizing and coordinating the research activities of procuratorial theory, assisting to hold the national annual conference of research of procuratorial theory or seminars or training project on regional procuratorial theory and business, exchanging research achievements and procuratorial theory and working experiences in practice, organizing social survey, putting forward proposals and advice for procuratorial work in order to improve the prosecutors’ capacity and level in implementing laws; Editing and publishing the Journal of Chinese Criminal Science (monthly, publishing both domestic and abroad); Organizing and pushing the cooperation and communication between SPPC and other academic organizations and departments as well as promoting international academic exchanges and friendly visits.

  Since the founding of SPPC, it has assisted to hold 11 Annual Conferences of National Procuratorial Theory successively and all kinds of seminars on specific topics, such as “ International Seminar on Procedural Reform of Confession Cases”, “Strengthening the Function of Legal Supervision for Procuratorial Organs ”, “ Procuratorial Work and Human Rights Protection”, “Anti-Corruption and Social Stability and Progress”, “Training Project for Key Research Members in Procuratorial Theory”, “Seminar on Criminal Evidence”, “Seminar on the Constitutional Status of Procuratorial Organs”, “Seminar on Preventing Exceeding Detention and Safeguarding Human Rights ”, “ Seminar on Service for Optimizing Economic Environment by Procuratorial Organs”, “Seminar on Standard of Criminal Prosecuting ”, “Seminar on the Role of Building the Harmonious Society by SPP and SPPC ”, and so on. In addition, it has also edited and published a lot of research achievements, such as “ Study on Issues of Public Prosecution”, “the Judicial Reform and Trends in Foreign Countries”, “Study on Hot Issues of Judicial Reform”, “ Comparative Study on the Role and Guidance of Prosecutors”, “Chinese Procuratorial Research ”(Volume 1-17), “Exceeding Detention and Human Rights Protection ”, “Application of Law and Policy in Strike-hard Period”, etc. SPPC has also established co-operative relationship with several national non-government academic organizations, such as China Law Society, China Society of Police, China Association of Judges, China Association of Lawyers, China Society of Prison and so on. At the same time, it has also widely established a close relationship with foreign judicial organs and academic organizations and has received many related delegations, experts and scholars from UK, France, Germany, USA, Canada, Denmark, Russia, Viet Nam, etc, and sent delegations or scholars to visit more than 10 countries, such as USA, Canada, France, Germany, Australia and so on.

  The financial resources of SPPC are mainly from the financial aid or donation of various fields domestic and abroad as well as the legal income by carrying out all kinds of activities and the membership fees.

  Mail address:

  The Soceity of Public Prosecutors of China

  No. 147, Beiheyan Street, Dongcheng District, Beijing, China;

  Post Code: 100726;

  Tel:010-68630204;

  Fax:010-68630141.

[责任编辑: 于欣可]